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Antihyperlipidemic or Dyslipidemic Drugs
Antitussives, Expectorants and Mucolytics
Sedatives and Hypnotics
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are a diverse group of
used in the treatment of
. Anticonvulsants are also increasingly being used in the treatment of
, since many seem to act as
. The goal of an anticonvulsant is to suppress the rapid and excessive firing of
that start a seizure. Because of this, anticonvulsants also have proven effective in treating many kinds of dysfunctional anxiety. Failing this, an effective anticonvulsant would prevent the spread of the seizure within the brain and offer protection against possible
effects that may result in
. However, anticonvulsants themselves have been linked to lower IQ in children.
Anticonvulsants are often called
anti epileptic drugs
(abbreviated "AEDs") or
anti seizure drugs
Anticonvulsant drugs may be divided into several classes. The hydantoins include pheytoin (Dilantin) and mephenytoin (Mesantoin.) Ther succimides include ethosuximide (Zarontin) and methsuccimide (Celontin.) The
, which are better known for their use as tranquilizers and sedatives, include clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate (Tranxene) and diazepam (Valium.) There are also a large number of other drugs which are not related to larger groups. These include carbamazepine (Tegretol), valproic acid (Depakote, Depakene) gabapentin (Neurontin), topiramate (Topamax), felbamate (Felbatol) and several others. Phenobarbital has been used as an anticonvulsant, and is still useful for some patients. The drugs are available only with a physician's prescription.
Central nervous system depression
refers to physiological
central nervous system
that can result in decreased rate of breathing, decreased heart rate, and loss of consciousness possibly leading to coma or death.
is a medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body.
Because a convulsion is often a symptom of an
, the term
is sometimes used as a synonym for
Treatment for s
- Although epilepsy is a collective term for a variety of different types of seizures, all forms of epilepsy start with a random discharge of nerve impulses into the brain. Antiepileptic drugs act by either raising the
or by limiting the spread of impulses from one nerve to another inside the brain. As of 2004 the exact mechanism of action is not understood, but there are theories about how some of these drugs work.
, and vomiting.
: Carbamazepine should not be used in patients with a history of previous bone marrow depression, hypersensitivity to the drug, or known sensitivity to any of the tricyclic compounds, such as
, desipramine, imipramine, protriptyline and nortriptyline. Likewise, on theoretical grounds its use with monoamine oxidase inhibitors is not recommended. Before administration of carbamazepine, MAO inhibitors should be discontinued for a minimum of 14 days, or longer if the clinical situation permits.
Neurontin pfizer, Calmpet, Gabalept
it may impair your vision or reactions. painful sores in or around your eyes or mouth; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
hypersensitivity, do not use in absence seizure
rivotril roche, klonopin,klonopin wafer
difficulty breathing, swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat, confusion, memory problem
neonates, hypersensitivity, respiratory insufficiency
Clumsiness or unsteadiness; dizziness or lightheadedness; drowsiness; slurred speech
should not be administered in patients with liver or kidney disorders; myasthenia gravis; acute alcohol intoxication; depressive conditions; psychosis; brain diseases; shock; coma; drug abuse or drug dependence; glaucoma; hyperkinesis; hypoalbuminemia; porphyria; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; apnea; pregnancy in the first and the last trimester; lactation; dysphagia in childhood; hypersensitivity to the benzodiazepines.
DIAZEPAM 2MG TABLETS DIAZEPAM 5MG TABLETS DIAZEPAM 5MG/5ML ORAL SOLN DIAZEPAM 5MG/ML 10ML DIAZEPAM 10MG TABLETS
(or worsening of existing depression), Difficulty breathing
, excitation, or agitation, Hostility, aggression, or rage,
in patients with known sensitivity to the benzodiazepines or with acute narrow-angle glaucoma or myasthenia gravis.
Prenancy category: D
Dosage form: tablet
6. Generic name: Mephobarbital
Brandnames: Mebaral, Mephobarbital
Side effects: Clumsiness; dizziness; drowsiness; excessive daytime drowsines, feeling of a whirling motion; headache; lightheadedness; nausea; tired feeling; vomiting; weak bones.
Contraindications: Porphyria or known hypersensitivity to this drug or to barbiturates prohibits its use.
Pregnancy category: D
dilantin, epilantin, Samarth phenytoin
: hypersensitivity to propylene glycol, alcohol intolerance, sinus brachycardia, leucopenia, cardiomegaly.
GI disturbances, slurred speech, lack of appetite,gingival, hyperplasia, dizziness, nervousness, insomnia.
: capsule, suspension, injection, ampule, and tablets
:carbilepp, intas carbamazeane, tegretol
dizziness, drowsiness, ataxia, fatigue, headache.
AV conduction, abnormalities, history of bone marrow depression.
: tablet, syrup, suspension
harson magnesium sulfate, atlantic magnesium sulfate
flushing, sweating, hypotension, circulatory collapse, cardiac depression.
heartblock, myocardial damage.
Claudio, Denise Marc
Mendoza, Shynne Ann
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